Gemstones Shape & Color
Gemstone Cuts and Shapes (*original article is from www.e-jewel.co.il)
Cutting (also know as Lapidary) is the process whereby a rough stone is turned into a gemstone. The process makes a gem assume a certain shape, bringing out its luster and color, enabling it to be set into jewelry.
Unlike Diamonds, colored gems possess variable optical properties and are not cut to a uniform ideal. A well-cut colored gem exhibits even color, an acceptable number of inclusions, good brilliance and shows the majority of carat weight when viewed from the top.
Broadly, the styles of gem cutting can be divided into faceted gems (gems with geometrically shaped flat polished faces) and non-faceted gems (those gems that do not have geometrically shaped flat polished faces such as Cabochons).
The cut of a gemstones shapes largely depends on the shape of the gem rough (the shape of the raw gem as it comes from the earth). For perfect and beautiful rough colored stones, the oval cut is generally the number one preference, as it maximizes beauty. Factors to consider when choosing to facet a gem in another shape include design aesthetics, inclusions and color.
Gem cutters are considered “experts” once they have 2 years of experience and on average can facet 30 gems per day.
The most common cuts are:
Round Brilliant Cut
Antique Cushion Cut
Buff Top Cut
Related Terms: gems, gemstone, birthstones shapes, gemstone jewelry, loose gemstones, birthstone gemstones, gemstone rings, blue sapphire, pink sapphire, green emerald, ruby, alexandrite, tanzanite, rubies, emerald
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